Occupational therapy is a client-centered health profession concerned with encouraging health and well being through occupation. The principal goal of occupational therapy services is to empower people to contribute to the activities of everyday life. Occupational therapists accomplish this outcome by working with people and communities to improve their ability to engage in the occupations they want to, need to, or are anticipated to do, or by adjusting the occupation or the environment to better support their occupational engagement.
Here’s a detailed overview of occupational therapy and occupational therapist:
History of occupational therapy:
Occupational therapy really is an age-old occupation but it became formally recognized a little prior to First World War. One of the chief areas in which occupational therapy began, was in what was then called a mental institute. The staffs at a certain mental institution in the USA were anxious that their patients spent many hours in bed and were not compliant with taking their medication. Hospitals stays were lengthy and re-admission frequent.
It was decided to try giving them a craft or industry associated task to do during the daytime. The result was:
- patients got up more eagerly in the morning,
- their personal care developed,
- they became more obedient with medication, and
- hospital stays activated to shorten and re-admission was less recurrent.
During First World War and Second World War, a different type of occupational therapy was tried. Here occupations were given either to take a war veterans mind off their pain or to help to reassure a specific movement. Through these and other early applications of occupation for therapeutic purposes, the far triumph benefits were quickly identified.
About 1917 – 1919, the media coverage concerning this up-and-coming profession was that the latent benefits were so far reaching it would become as essential as brushing one’s teeth or nursing. The forecasts at that stage were that occupational therapy would play a central role in saving medical costs by plummeting hospital stay, refining function of patients that would have a profit in terms of return to work and condensed need for re-hospitalization.
From the onset, occupational therapy required a recommendation from a doctor which meant that there was a need for recognition by the medical team.
What are the areas of occupational therapy practice?
All areas of occupation would be addressed and this could be a full or part-time job. You would meet with the patient however many times a week they need to meet and you could be working in groups with other psychologically ill patients or simply one on one. You would be serving the patients with behavior control, safety precautions, and getting them back into their regular routines.
Functioning in the classroom aids the students with education, play, and social participation. This can be a full or part-time job contingent, and a perk is that you only work 9 months out of the year! The meetings are in the classroom about 30-45 minutes each and you will typically work autonomously.
Animal Assisted & Hippotherapy:
This would characteristically be a part-time job that would go along with your regular occupational therapist job. This consents the patient to cooperate with the animal and allows them to learn a suitable way to handle or touch the animal. It also supports the patient learn collaboration, upsurge their mood and instills them how to trust. This can be done in groups or simply one on one with the patient. This area of therapy also emphases on ADL’s, play, leisure, social participation, and IADL’s, all very significant components of OT. Hippotherapy uses a horse to do therapy by facilitating with sensory and motor skills.
One option is roving to people’s home to complete therapy. You may be functioning alone so you will have to travel with all of your gear but this job normally pays higher. Assembly with a patient 2-3 times a week is distinctive and you are able to work full or part-time.
Acute Care: This means you are functioning in the hospital on the patient’s bedside, not usually in a clinic. You are straight working with the patient concentrating on ADL’s.
This is for folks who don’t quite need acute care in a hospital but still need powerful therapy. This could be full or part-time and characteristically half hour sessions 3-5 times a week. This permits to the patient to work on ADL’s, IADL’s, Social Participation and relaxation.
This is a very extreme rehab and the patients have a lengthier length of stay. You are typically working with a patient for half hour periods 2-3 times a day, which enlightens the greatness. This can be a full or part-time job and works on the patients ADLs, IADL’s, Education, Work, and Social Participation.
This can be done in a treatment center without the patient staying overnight. Assembly with the patient 2-5 times a week is usual and you can work full or part-time at the facility. The patients will emphasis on IADL’s, Work, Education, Leisure/Play, and Social Participation.
This is when you work for yourself, possessing your own practice. Your schedule is made by appointment and management is based on what the specific patient needs.
Shelters & World Health:
For World Health you are capable to travel around the world with different organizations and perform therapy. This is a great way to experience and support out different cultures and people. You can also work in shelters to perform therapy contingent on the patient. Since vagrancy has become a huge issue it is significant that they are able to get therapy as well.
War & Prisons:
You are able to work with patients in the war presently or who have come home with harms. In prisons, you can help the convicts work on Education, Social Participation, Leisure, and Work. You usually meet in groups 1-2 times a week.
Birth to Three:
This is functioning with young children where incapacity is already distinguished. This is important to catch the incapacity and treat it early in life so that it does not disturb them as much as they grow older. You can work with them 1-2 times a week and you will be concentrating on the play, social participation and ADL’s.
If you do not want to work with a patient you can work with budgets and management. This job is full time.
This is operational with technology as a form of therapy. It uses a device in which the patient is taught to support them live their daily lives. This area is very up and coming for occupational therapy.
Who is an occupational therapist (OT)?
Occupational therapists are skilled to assist people to overcome several problems in order to live more self-regulating lives. People may need help due to harm or illness, mental health problems, developmental delay or the effects of aging.
What does an occupational therapist do?
Occupational therapists work in many dissimilar surroundings, including schools, nursing homes, hospitals, and workplaces. They take a rounded approach to healthcare and treatment, and their goal is to advance skills for living so that individuals can achieve more, and mend wellbeing and quality of life. They work with the person, their family, and other healthcare specialists where essential.
Where does an occupational therapist work?
Occupational therapists play an imperative role in helping workers return to work succeeding an injury or illness, counting stress. Their role in the workplace covers:
- Injury managing and therapy – including worksite assessments, injury risk calculations, occupational rehabilitation counseling and early mediation rehabilitation
- Injury anticipation – including manual-handling assessments, claims history reviews, ergonomic assessments, improvement of alternate duties, work-conditioning programs and the restructuring of workplaces
- Training – in areas like stress management, manual handling, back care, safe work practices, the outline of new equipment, work-station adjustments and developing pause exercises, where you take a break for exercise at work.
Occupational therapists work across a whole range of settings. Some of these include:
- Public and private hospitals
- Medical rehabilitation units
- Local community health centers
- Occupational health centers
- Home care services
- Retirement homes
- Psychiatric clinics, hostels, and hospitals
- Vocational rehabilitation clinics
- Tertiary education centers
- Independent living centers
- Private practice
- Schools, pharmacy, and
What are the educational requirements for becoming an occupational therapist, registration & association membership?
Becoming an occupational therapist necessitates a master’s degree and licensing. Before you go after your master’s, you’ll earn a bachelor’s degree, likely in a connected field. Your coursework should include biology and physiology classes.
Many master’s tracks will necessitate academic coursework and one or two-quarters of full-time clinical fieldwork.
You’ll study subjects such as these:
- Functional anatomy
- Foundations of occupational therapy
- Theoretical concepts and practice areas
- Occupation through the lifespan
- Therapeutic communication skills
In addition to rigorous fieldwork, which will give you hands-on experience in the types of places you’ll eventually work, you may also need to complete a master’s project or similar “Capstone” learning experience.
Licensing and Certification:
Certification is voluntary but shows you to be solemn about your field. Occupational therapists must pass the National Board for Certification of Occupational Therapists (NBCOT) exam in order to become certified.
NBCOT certification lets therapists use the title of Occupational Therapist Registered (OTR). You’ll also take ongoing education classes to preserve your certification over time.
All states need occupational therapists to become licensed. To earn your license, you’ll need a degree from an accredited program and your NBCOT certification. Check the state you plan to work in for additional fees and requirements.
Who needs occupational therapy?
People may need occupational therapy if they:
- Are born with certain disabilities
- Get diagnosed with a new health condition
- Have an accident or an injury
- Experience decline in function as they age
Where do you get OT?
If someone you know could use the help of an occupational therapist, to help them live life to the fullest no matter the health condition, disability or risk factors, ask their primary care physician for guidance or contact Hand in Hand Occupational Therapy Of Long Island – an occupational therapy center offering comprehensive hand therapy and pediatric therapy to men, women, and children.